Tridevi, the three goddesses of the Hindu pantheon

Tridevi, the three goddesses of the Hindu pantheon

Saraswati, Parvatie Lakshimi: these three faces are the masks of an absolute primordial Goddess in shaktism, of which each mother, each partner, each lover and each daughter are a specific one.


feminine trinity , as are the three points necessary to draw the triangle, the Yoni , feminine symbol for excellence, which represents not only the female organ but three precise functions: knowledge, harmony and power. Let’s find out more about it.


  • Trimurti and Tridevi
  • The Trivedi of Shaktism
  • Saraswati
  • Lakshmi
  • Parvati


Trimurti and Tridevi

All the great religions have in turn presented different images and concepts of divinity. Is it immeasurable or not? Transcendent or immanent? One, double or triple? Male, female, androgynous or asexual? 


In this arena of ideas, Hinduism demonstrates  a unique plasticity, as this tradition presents a unique divine reality , however, divided into 33 crore (a crore is a unit of measurement equivalent to 10,000,000) of divinity. 


The Trivedi of Shaktism

Many of these representations are female and there are schools that focus almost exclusively on them, such as shaktism . 


According to this school, the primordial being would be feminine,  Adi Parashakti , the great undivided, absolute and unrepresentable primordial energy. This Primordial Mother manifests itself in some major aspects before further dividing itself into an infinity of streams. It is she who creates and activates the famous Trimurti composed of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.


According to the tantric texts of shaktism, Adi Parashakti describes herself to the Trimurti as Lady of the Universe , feminine when active and masculine when static. She is the one who instructs Brahma to initiate the cosmic creation, she is always the one who forces Krishna (Vishnu) to take a form and support the creation, and it is again she who invokes  Rudra (Shiva) commanding him to set time in motion. 


During this process, she assumes three specific forms and through them grants herself as a consort to the three gods of the Trimrti. She thus becomes  Saraswati  for Brahma, Lakshmi for Vishnu and Parvati for Shiva. Elsewhere we find the name of Kali to replace that of Parvati. 


This Tridevi, triune aspect of the absolute divinity conceived in its feminine aspect, is the origin of everything, the first dynamism that gives life to the process of extraction of the infinite starting from the primordial zero.



Let’s start with Saraswati . She is a goddess linked to art, knowledge and learning, and is often represented with a vina (an instrument similar to a lute), to underline her relationship with art, but also with vibration and with the mathematics underlying reality, the basic concept of the Pythagorean school. 


The Vedic name Saraswati derives from the root Saras , which indicates the flow of water. When the sun is reflected in the water, its static and undivided light is fragmented into infinite reflections that acquire dynamism, moving, appearing and disappearing. This represents  Saraswati’s creative power .



Lakshmi is the companion of Vishnu and when he manifests himself in the form of an avatar she too descends in human form, always becoming an archetypal woman, as in the case of Sita, the ideal wife, or in the case of Radha, the ideal lover. 


Lakshmi is the goddess of prosperity and multiplication . Her name indicates a large unit of measurement and is associated with luck ( lakh as in English luck). Her prosperity is not a hoarding and accumulating resources, but derives from a perfect and continuous interchange, the harmony of sharing that increases every pole involved. 


What is not shared loses life and value, and only the one who knows how much, how and when to give will receive the prosperity of the harmonious Lakhsmi.



Parvati is the reincarnation of Shiva ‘s first wife , Sati, who sacrificed herself by dividing herself into infinite feminine aspects of divinity. Parvati is the daughter of the terrestrial axis and has infinite aspects: although she is
Shiva’s wife and mother of her children, she is also a child, a celibate and independent woman and in some cases a widow. 


If Saraswati creates and Lakshmi harmonizes, Parvati is the one who nurtures but also allows herself to express destruction , taking the form of Kali, an expression of full transforming power. Saraswati is knowledge and consciousness , Lakshmi is harmony and bliss, Parvati is the supreme power. 

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