Eczema | Atopic Dermatitis:

Eczema | Atopic Dermatitis:

Eczema is also called atopic dermatitis. It is disease of skin. It may be on the small area of body and may spread on all over the body. In this disease skin may become itchy and red in color. It is most common disease in children while it can attack in every age of life. In this article I will discuss about eczema, it’s types, process behind dermatitis, symptoms, causes, treatment and dietary and hygienic recommendation for this disease. If you want to know about Dermatitis completely, then read this article till end.

What is Eczema?

Eczema is disease of skin, it is also called dermatitis. In this disease many rashes, itchy and red skin appears on the body. It may present only on the one part of body or may on the whole body. It depends upon the stage of eczema. In this condition allergy occurs on the skin and skin damages day by day.

Types of Dermatitis:

Actually Eczema is a group of skin diseases, There are three types of Eczema that are given below:

  1. Atopic Dermatitis
  2. Allergic contact dermatitis
  3. Irritant contact dermatitis
  4. Stasis dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis:

It is also called atopic eczema, It is most common in child and with the changing of age its severity increase. It is crack of skin. In this condition fluid removes from cracks. In this condition skin becomes itchy. It is most common on hands and feet. It may be only on one part of body or may on complete body. It may cause genetically or low due to low immune system. It is also cause by climatic changes.

Allergic contact dermatitis:

Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), Is most dangerous form of eczema. It is caused by the contact of Chemicals with the skin that causes Irritant and allergy on skin. It is due to the low immunity power in body. It is a hypersensitive process. Allergic and red skin appears on the surface of skin.

Irritant Contact dermatitis:

Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), it is irritant on skin disease that may cause by chemical or may by physical irritant.

Chemical Irritants:

Irritant contact dermatitis may cause by contact of chemicals with skin, its severity depends upon the power of chemical irritant. Some it is very weak that cause weak effects on skin while some times it is very dangerous and cause severe irritation on skin, For example Irritation by extreme pH irritant.

Stasis Dermatitis:

It is also called varicose eczema. It is change of skin due to low blood supply in venous. In this condition venous increase pressure on capillaries that cause leakage of fluid.

Symptoms of Stasis Dermatitis:

  1. Red spots form on skin
  2. Skin become thin
  3. Inflammation starts on legs and ankles
  4. Itching starts

It is also a severe type of eczema. It may be due to contact with irritant or may be due to the eating of irritants. So we should to always keep away all irrigational things from our self.

Symptoms of Eczema or Dermatitis:

Symptoms for eczema changes with the type of eczema and time. It also depends upon the severity of irritant. Some general most common symptoms for eczema or dermatitis are given below:

Swelling and Itching:

Due to the contact with irritants or leakage of fluid, Skin becomes swelled and itchy.

Red skin:

It is also a common symptom to detect eczema. Due to contact of irritants redness of skin cause.

Colored patches on skin:

Due to eczema color patches also appears on skin. It is severe condition of this disease. These patches are common in adults.

Crakes and rough skin:

As we know that eczema is dermatitis. It means it is a skin disease. So due to sever condition of this disease, body skin may suffer from chronic effects of Eczema. Cracks and Rough skin is also severe condition for this disease.


Exact cause of eczema is undefined. But according to some researches these are some causes of dermatitis that are given below:

  • Climate:

Due to climatic changes eczema is common in children.

  • Genetically:

Due to the genetics, it may also affect your skin.

  • Improper work of Immune system
  • Dirty contacts with skin
  • Contact with irritants


In the light of above discussion, we can say that eczema is a disease of skin that may cause by irritants and climatic changes. In this disease redness and swelling appears on skin.





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